Thursday, January 30, 2014

A History of the Proton

After a series of experiments and meditations, Englishman Ernest Rutherford assumes a discrete entity within the confines of the atom. To the royal association he describes this entity as an 'electric field'. Later he gives the name 'proton' to the hydrogen nucleus. Nuclear physics is born.
Mock up of the first scattering experiments conducted by Rutherford et al. Not long after quantum mechanics is born. Physicists continue to assume discrete fundamental particles even though these notions cannot be reconciled with gravitational phenomenon. Discrete particles cannot possibly mediate gravity---physically---between stars, etc. Scattering experiments continue throughout the 20th century.   The Standard Model of Particle Physics is born in the 70s so as to tame the 'particle zoo'.

In the golden year of 1997, a year before CERN breaks ground on the Large Hadron Collider, an engineer name Guillermo Gaede perfectly conceives the architecture of light. Electromagnetic Rope Hypothesis and Thread Theory are born.  

Gaede follows with a stunning (albeit simplified) model of the Hydrogen Atom in which is embedded the Proton, an intersection of Electric Threads converging from all atoms of the Universe.  The proton is just an inseparable bundle of gazillions of these threads.  That is it.  And extraneous threads feeding other atoms, constantly pass through it.  

Meanwhile CERN and other scientific communities spend billions of dollars to essentially reconstruct an image of a proton-proton collision.  But they interpret the image as a creation and explosion of particles. A mini Big-Bang!!! What?

A Model of the EM Rope Hypothesis and Thread Theory H atom.
EM Ropes extending from all the atoms of the Universe converge and bifurcate to form the atom. Magnetic Threads arc out and twine to in electron configurations. Electric Threads extend to the center in a crisscross pattern to form the proton. Electric Thread density increases as we
approach the center of the atom. This explains
why at some small region near the atom, it
becomes impenetrable.

Particle physicists and quantum mechanics think their billion dollar proton collisions are a creation and explosion of particles like a Big Bang. All these lines represent paths or trajectories of discrete particle balls like muons. They never define their particles and cover all their bases.  Are they kidding?  This is clearly a reconstructed image of what is already there, perhaps a convergence of Electric Threads with Magnetic Threads bursting out at the perimeter.

My $1 dollar model of the proton:  a koosh ball!!!  Proton-proton collision is like two koosh balls thrown at each other.  

Fermilab's billion dollar bullshit. The Electric Threads are taut, however when two protons collide at extreme velocities perhaps Electric Threads bend a bit, since the intersections are impenetrable. Threads, whether Electric or Magnetic, can bend, but they cannot break since they are assumed to be the non-composite fundamental object comprising all atoms.  A fundamental entity comprising all matter cannot be cut into smaller pieces.  This is why light can pass through light unimpeded, without hindrance, without destruction, without interruption, without disturbance..
The underlying assumption of Thread Theory is that all matter is comprised of a single closed loop thread. The amount of thread does not increase or decrease.

A copy of renown physicist Sean Carroll's ridiculous depiction of a proton-proton collision from his book The Particle at the End of the Universe. To quote my friend, the protons look like 'ass hairs'. A far cry from the elegant and rational architecture Gaede proposes. Instead of an ass hair, the proton is where the Electric Threads of the Universe converge from all the stars and galaxies (all atoms).

Supposedly a recreated image of two gold atoms collided at Fermilab. Threads burst out from the center of the atom in double helices.

Discrete Particles or Continuous Threads Converging?

Me trying to sketch out atomic motion within EM Rope Hypothesis

And a little preview of things to come.  I figured out the physical configuration of their mystical 'nuclear force' or 'residual strong force':

"If we assume that nuclei consist of protons and neutrons we have to formulate the simplest law of interaction between them which will lead, if the electrostatic repulsion is negligible, to a constant density for nuclear matter. We have to find three laws of interaction: one between protons, one between protons and neutrons, and one between neutrons. We shall assume, however, that only Coulomb’s force acts between protons { . . . } We assume that there is no noticeable interaction between the neutrons for there is no proof of the contrary." ---Ettore Majorana

And a bonus:

An example of how light could in supposition diffract around objects. Atoms relay torquing light signals rectilinearly by way of the taut EM Ropes connecting all atoms of the Universe

For more see:

The Dazzling Proton!

Friday, January 24, 2014

The Definition of Space for the Purposes of Physics

The definition of space (synonym: vacuum, nothing, spacetime, field, region, continuum, emptiness):

space:  that which lacks shape.

Space lacks the property of objects, namely, shape. In physics space cannot be qualified with an adjective in a sentence. Space refers to a concept and all concepts lack shape. In this definition space does not mean a 'lack of something' or 'empty' since that suggests matter is missing from the region of the universe which is absurd.

Newton failed to conceive of those fundamental-continuous-invisible-physical objects that mediate gravitational attraction between physical objects. Instead he gave his readers this notion called 'absolute space' along with a lot of math. Absolute is an adjective inherited from the Greeks that means 'without relation to anything'. It is a self-refuting concept since all concepts are necessarily relations by definition. 'Absolute' is a linguistic contradiction, an oxymoron for the purposes of physics. In addition an adjective cannot qualify a concept: absolute cannot modify space. In physics adjectives cannot qualify concepts. Concepts reference static or dynamic relations between two or more objects picked out by the brain of the conceiver.

Einstein inherited Newton's 'absolute space' and converted this notion into 'spacetime'. Einstein also failed to conceive of a rational physical object that mediates gravitational attraction. He gave us a few good insights and some pretty math. Now disciples of Einstein think that spacetime is that which has shape, in other words an object of physics. And, for them, this 'spacetime' mediates gravitational attraction.

Many a physicist has mistaken the concept SPACE, that which lacks shape, for the supposed objective physical mediator of light and gravity. We cannot see that which mediates light and gravity thus an assumption of this physical mediator has become a great game spanning centuries. Instead of giving us a rational supposition of an object that may mediate light and gravity, many a physicist cloaks their failure in endless esoteric math and rhetoric about infinity, fields, universes, curvature, nothing, blah blah blah.

Thursday, January 23, 2014

Life is Beautiful

Life:  dynamic concept referring to an object freely moving on its own in all directions opposite the pull of gravitational attraction. Unpredictable and anti-gravitational motion. An object fighting against gravity.  A single object can generate a motion of its entire shape in a direction opposite that of gravitational attraction from within. The ability to move opposite the direction of attraction is native, inherent, inseparable to the shape itself.  

Motion:  two or more locations of an object.  Location is the set of static distances from an object to all other objects.   

Attraction: dynamic relation between two or more objects composed of many atoms where objects pull each other in direct proportion to their # of atoms and in inverse proportion to the square of the distance that separates them.

Tension: static relation between two or more atoms maintained by mutual constant torquing of the EM Ropes connecting them. 

Anti-gravitational motion: two or more locations of an object in the direction opposite the pull of gravitational attraction.

If gravitational motion is linear then anti-gravitational motion is radial . . . lateral (up-down, left right, all directions opposite). Living objects have a native ability to move opposite the direction of gravitational attraction. They have the ability to tap into, what is for them the useful pull exerted by all the atoms of the Universe not involved in the immediate gravitational system, e.g. the atoms of the Sun.

For example a tree is planted in the ground. All the atoms of the Earth are connected to all the atoms of the tree and many atoms of the Earth pair up with the atoms of the tree to tug it in the direction toward the center of the Earth via these tense EM ropes. The EM ropes maintain tension due to the C squared concept: all atoms torque light signals diametrically along the EM rope. We suppose they consummate the phenomenon of attraction via EM Ropes effectively converging on the tree at steep angles. The tree, from seed is tied down by torquing EM ropes originating in the atoms of the Earth. But from seed it has the inherent ability to move itself radially and laterally in spite of the Earth's gravitational attraction. This motion is a great feat. This is why living objects have to utilize the stimulation of the Sun in photosynthesis: to help it's atoms move out radially and laterally.

This life is broadly defined as unpredictable motion. I've read some cellular processes that are seemingly non-causal. No two copies ever align the same, no doubt due to the eternal motion of atoms. And yet living objects seems to maintain a profound and subtle integrity and resilience in spite of all atoms of the Universe pulling them in all directions.  At least until death.  And they are certainly not puppets on tethers. So living object is, at least to me a sort of miracle but maybe that is because I am ignorant.

Another example of anti-gravitational motion would be to simply raise one's arm straight up.

The reason for this native ability or cause of this ability is a matter of philosophy physics and biology (and perhaps theology). Personally I think it is a combination of complex physical processes of the whole body combined with the presence of a fundamental entity interfacing the body called the soul. But I really have no detailed theory for the phenomenon of life at the present. It is too much for me! In any case before a cell can perform any function it must be able to move opposite the direction of gravitational attraction.  

Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Celestial Mechanics

Below I have some illustrations of celestial mechanics using EM Rope Hypothesis and Thread Theory of gravity. Instead of showing math equations these pictures provide a simplified model of the physical Form underlying what may be happening between Sun and planets of our system.

The fundamental assumption is that all the atoms of the Universe are connected by a continuous double helical thread like entities called EM Ropes (an 'electric' thread intertwining with a 'magnetic' thread. One could also simply call the EM Rope a ray, as in ray of light.  Its an object assumed to exist.  At the atoms the EM Rope bifurcate to form the proton koosh balls and an accompanying set of double helical electron threads that superpose with the EM Ropes, thus consummating light phenomenon.  

Every single atom of the Sun is connected to every single atom of the Earth and vice versa via an Electromagnetic rope. We suppose EM Ropes connecting all atoms mediate light and gravity.  In this theory it is important to distinguish between tension and attraction. EM Ropes are massless, but tense due to constant torquing (C squared) of the atoms.  Electron threads emanating from the proton overlap with the EM Ropes and torque them or oscillate them at various frequencies, pending circumstances.  This constant activity, this constant action and reaction of the atoms establishes a bidirectional tension between them:

Tension:  static relation between two or more atoms maintained by their mutual torquing of the EM rope connecting them combined with the unending motion of atoms.

Einstein's interpretation of Mach' Principle:

...inertia originates in a kind of interaction between bodies...

That interaction is light phenomenon between all atoms mediated by the EM Ropes (the C squared concept) but it is NOT attraction.

Tension is also maintained by a single atom's connection to all other atoms of the Universe by way of the go-between EM ropes. Atoms are in incessant motion combined tension of different objects pulling in different directions (opposite attraction: lateral, sideways) which accounts for constant motion, collisions, assembly, dis-assembly, etc. Tension is a predefined static pull between two or more atoms and it is this tension between all pairs of atoms that generates the attraction between two or more objects composed of many atoms for example the Sun and the Earth.

At great distances the EM ropes originating in celestial objects superimpose so that the relation between the two is as if a single atom in tension with a single atom. This corresponds to a weight of about zero.  So you can imagine yourself in relation to all the stars in the Andromeda galaxy.  They weigh nothing in relation to you, and you weigh nothing in relation to them.  Together you and them are in a constant mutual tension, a tug of war.

As distance decreases the relative position of the atoms composing the two celestial objects changes and in effect activates the tension between many pairs of atoms connecting the two celestial objects! The decrease in distance instantaneously 'awakens' the tension between many pairs of atoms originating in the two celestial objects connected by the EM Rope.  So instead of a neutralized tension between all the pairs of atoms composing celestial objects at a great distance many pair of atoms are in tension at lesser distances. Attraction is instantaneous action at a distance (IAAA) since the two celestial objects are inherently connected via the extended EM ropes.  All celestial objects need do is come close to one another in order for the EM ropes to emerge from superimposition so that more pairs of atoms initiate their predefined tension.  It is this awakening of tension between many pairs of atoms cross connecting celestial objects that initiates the ballet of attraction between celestial objects as they move around one another.  As the angles of the EM Ropes connecting these awakened pairs steepens the attraction between two celestial bodies increases.     

Newton used the analogy of a rope in his law of motion.  What he never could imagine is that a taut Electromagnetic rope like entity with unique properties connects all the atoms of the Universe and in certain circumstances generates attraction between two objects composed of many atoms.  Instead Newton gave us equations and his crutch called absolute space. 

I assume that billions of years ago Earth, an old dark star in her galactic rotation swung in close to the Sun in a sideways direction perpendicular to the direction towards the Sun. As she moved closer to the Sun she fell into a predefined inverse square region also called the Bird's Beak region. When celestial objects are great distances apart the EM ropes connecting the two superimpose. However as a necessary result of all atoms interconnection there will always emerge a Bird's Beak region around stars, consistent with Newton's inverse square law. It is in this imaginary Bird's Beak region where many pairs of atoms cross connecting the Sun and the Earth awakened to tension in effect generating the attraction needed for Earth to maintain her gravitational lock around the Sun. And remember all the atoms of the Earth are connected to all the atoms of the Sun. It is also this inherent connection that stops the Earth from 'flying out' of orbit with the Sun. 

The Earth and the Sun separated by light years apart:

As the Earth moved closer to the Sun, EM ropes cross connecting many pairs of atoms of the celestial objects instantaneously established a mutual tension on one another consummating what we sometimes call 'attraction'.  Earth's sideways motion was conserved upon entering the inverse square regime. She swung around the Sun by virtue of the emerged EM ropes, sometimes accelerating when located deeper in relation to the Sun. After she swung around she moved away and angles of the ropes slightly changed. She decelerated a bit and swung back for another pass conserving motion. No friction since space is nothing. Earth's velocity is never great enough to escape the inverse square regime; the number of effective connections between the atoms of the Earth and Sun keep the system working. Some of the atoms cross connecting the Earth to the atoms of the other planets generate a significant mutual tension but the Sun dominates the system since there are many more effective connections between the Sun and each individual planet. 

If there were no physical connection and mechanism via EM ropes 'fanning out' the Earth would just be on its merry way from the Sun. The mechanism of attraction accounts for acceleration and deceleration as well as orbital perturbations originating in passes near other planets. Momentum upon entrance into the inverse square regime helps account for the fact the Earth has not collided with the Sun.  She is always moving outward, radially away from the Sun in spite of the EM Ropes connecting the two have her leashed as she moves closer or further away.  From initiation EM ropes connecting the two celestial objects simply 'fan out' to aphelion and 'fan in' to perihelion. Fan out, fan it, fan out fan in.

Magnetic Threads (or electron threads as I now call them) sweeping out from the Sun and interacting with the Earth (and planets) may also aid the capture and orbit of stars:

Magnetic threads arcing from the atoms of the Sun may aid in capturing old stars (planets).  The sweeping Magnetic threads may play a small role to aid stars to decelerate as they fall into gravitational systems in repulsion or they may aid in the capture of stars through attraction.  They may also help keep the orbits of planets stable.  

But if the Earth fell directly toward the Sun, more and more atoms would awaken to tension via the EM ropes until the Sun and the Earth collided.  But of course stars new and old move around the galactic core at high velocities relative to one another.  

And the Sun's rotational momentum is less then the planets rotational momentum pointing to the idea that all the planets originated beyond the Sun.

Bonus:  In connection to the Genesis 1 Sacred Text.  I believe that God miraculously transformed the surface of the Earth as it rotated between stars orbiting the galactic core. In the fourth rotation of the Earth in this 'light-event' when God stimulated the face of the Earth as if the Star; God seamlessly set the Earth into her system with the Sun and the Moon in her system with the Earth.  And God miraculously arranged the entire solar system using old stars.  The Sacred Text DOES NOT state that God created the Sun and the Moon, ex nihilo, on the fourth day of God stimulating the Earth in the light event.  The Text clearly states that God placed the Sun and the Moon in relation to the Earth with the purpose of lighting up Earth and Sky and for seasons, etc.  God made the Sun and the Moon to light up the new atmosphere for the first time by placing bringing them together in what we would understand as a gravitational lock.  God moved the Sun and the Moon, together with the Earth.  They crossed paths and remained gravitationaly bound.  The Sun is newer than the Earth and the Moon. The Moon, I assume is older than the Earth.  Both the Earth and the Moon are old dark stars that God moved into orbit around the newer star:  Sol.  

Why does day follow after day, and light follow after light, and year follow after year, in accord with the sun? By the knowledge of the Lord, they were arranged, after the sun was made, in keeping with his command. (Sirach 33:7,8)